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Seller: Meir Turner (New York NY, U.S.A.)
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A Study of the New York Times 1923
Hashomer Hatzair (=The Young Guard) is a Socialist-Zionist, secular Jewish youth movement founded in 1913 in Europe. It was also the name of the group's political party in Eretz Israel when the area was controlled by the British as the ?Mandate of Palestine.? It is the oldest Zionist youth movement still in existence. Initially Marxist-Zionist, the movement was influenced by the ideas of Ber Borochov, Gustav Wyneken, Baden-Powell, and the German Wandervogel movement. Hashomer Hatzair believed that the liberation of Jewish youth could be accomplished by immigration to Eretz Israel and living in kibbutzim. After the WW I the movement spread to Jewish communities throughout the world as a scouting movement. Members of the movement settled in M

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