Panoramic photograph, 11 3/4 x 40 3/4 inches. Minor chipping and fraying along the edges. Paper a bit toned, a few nicks and small abrasions along the border and in the image. Overall, about very good. A substantial panoramic photograph capturing the Edward Hines Lumber Company mill in Oregon during the 1930s. The image of the lumber processing plant ranges across a flat expanse of Oregon populated with numerous long metal buildings, a water tower, a central office structure with a large parking lot, and several smaller buildings comprising the processing plant with a smoke stack billowing black smoke across the sky at right. The Edward Hines Lumber Company was founded by its namesake near Chicago in March 1892. Edward Hines was an energetic, resourceful, innovative, and aggressive lumber salesman who specialized in consolidating smaller lumber companies into much larger operations. The Hines company grew swiftly, specializing in large-scale projects in Canada, Wisconsin, Minnesota, West Virginia, Mississippi, and Oregon. In 1928, just two weeks after meeting the Pope and Mussolini on a business trip to Italy, Hines acquired almost 70,000 acres of public timber near Burns, Oregon in what may have been the largest timber acquisition ever made in the Pacific Northwest. In Oregon, Hines and his company built the mill in the present photograph that "pioneered selection logging and sustained- yield forestry in cooperation with the Malheur National Forest" - Lewis. The Hines mill employed the latest technology and even produced an overabundance of electricity due to its two large turbines. After settling near Burns, Hines and his wife erected a company town which was incorporated as the city of Hines in 1930. In the subsequent few decades, the Hines Company saw much success in Oregon, and the population of the city of Hines grew to 8,000 residents; in its busiest times, the Oregon mill produced over 130 million board-feet of lumber per year. The decline of the timber market in the 1970s caused the Hines Company to sell the mill in the 1980s, and it closed in 2006. Only recently, in March of 2019, has part of the mill in the present photograph been reopened, this time as a processing plant turning alfalfa into animal feed for the dairy farms in the Willamette Valley; something old is new again. As for the Edward Hines Lumber Company, it survives today as Hines Supply, largely in the Midwest. The present photograph is unsigned and unstamped, with no photographer credits printed in the negative. It was likely produced by the Hines Company itself, but could have been produced by Bob Lemons, one of the many proprietors of a photography studio in Burns, Oregon that operated from 1897 to 1963; there is an unarranged collection of Lemons' photographs in the Harney County photograph collection housed at the University of Oregon. A rare image of a long-running lumber mill in a small Oregon town, which was itself founded by the lumber company. James G. Lewis, "Biographical Portrait Edward Hines (1863-1931)" in FOREST HISTORY TODAY, (Spring / Fall 2004), pp.64-65. OCLC 1017493237 (ref). Seller Inventory # WRCAM55197
Title: EDWARD HINES LUMBER CO. HINES ORE
Publication Date: 1930
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